## Thursday, November 29, 2012

### p-y CURVES FOR THE SOLUTION OF LATERALLY LOADED PILES.

The prediction of the various curves depends primarily on the single parameter nh. If it is possible to obtain the value of nh ndependently for each stage of loading Pt the p-y curves at different depths along the pile can be constructed as follows:

1. Determine the value of nh for a particular stage of loading Pt.
2. Compute T from Eq. (16.14a) for the linear variation of Es with depth.
3. Compute y at specific depths x = x1, x = x2, etc. along the pile by making use of Eq. (16.9), where A and B parameters can be obtained from Table 16.2 for various depth coefficients Z.
4. Compute p by making use of Eq. (16.13), since T is known, for each of the depths x = x1
x = x2, etc.
5. Since the values of p and y are known at each of the depths x1, x2 etc., one point on the p-y curve at each of these depths is also known.
6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 for different stages of loading and obtain the values of p and y for each stage of loading and plot to determine p-y curves at each depth.

The individual p-y curves obtained by the above procedure at depths x1, x2, etc. can be plotted on a common pair of axes to give a family of curves for the selected depths below the surface. The p-y curve shown in Fig. 16.2b is strongly non-linear and this curve can be predicted only if the values of nh are known for each stage of loading. Further, the curve can be extended until the soil reaction, pu, reaches an ultimate value, pu, at any specific depth x below the ground surface.