(refer to Fig. 12.3).
(a) Total Overburden Pressure q0
qo is the intensity of total overburden pressure due to the weight of both soil and water at the base level of the foundation.
Figure 12.3 Total and effective overburden pressures
(b) Effective Overburden Pressure q'0
q'0 is the effective overburden pressure at the base level of the foundation.
qu is the maximum bearing capacity of soil at which the soil fails by shear.
(d) The Net Ultimate Bearing Capacity, qnu
qnu is the bearing capacity in excess of the effective overburden pressure q'0 expressed as
qa is expressed as
(f) Net Allowable Bearing Pressure, qna
qna is expressed as
(g) Safe Bearing Pressure, qs
qs is defined as the net safe bearing pressure which produces a settlement of the foundation which
does not exceed a permissible limit.
Note: In the design of foundations, one has to use the least of the two values of qna and qs.