DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS IN SWELLING SOILS.

It is necessary to note that all parts of a building will not equally be affected by the swelling potential of the soil. Beneath the center of a building where the soil is protected from sun and rain the moisture changes are small and the soil movements the least. Beneath outside walls, the movement are greater. Damage to buildings is greatest on the outside walls due to soil movements.

Three general types of foundations can be considered in expansive soils. They are

1. Structures that can be kept isolated from the swelling effects of the soils
2. Designing of foundations that will remain undamaged in spite of swelling
3. Elimination of swelling potential of soil.

All three methods are in use either singly or in combination, but the first is by far the most widespread. Fig. 18.20 show a typical type of foundation under an outside wall. The granular fill provided around the shallow foundation mitigates the effects of expansion of the soils.


Figure 18.20 Foundation in expansive soil

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