When supports are provided on all sides, Vierendeel frames of two-way or three-way spans are possible options. They require less depth, can carry more load, have less deflection, and resist lateral load as well as gravity load. The two-way option is well suited for orthogonal plans; the three-way option adapts better to plans based on triangles, hexagons, or free-form variations thereof.
Moment resistant space frames for multi-story or high-rise buildings may be considered a special case of the Vierendeel concept.
1 One-way planar Vierendeel girder
2 One-way prismatic Vierendeel girder of triangular cross-section
3 One-way prismatic Vierendeel girder of square cross-section
4 Two-way Vierendeel space frame
5 Three-way Vierendeel space frame
6 Multi-story Vierendeel space frame